Over 400,000 Somali refugees live in Dadaab, the largest refugee camp in the world, located in eastern Kenya. With funding from European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO), the IRC runs Hagadera hospital, which cares for 120,000 of these refugees by providing medicine to help reduce the transmission of diseases, as well as treatment, such as the removal of cataracts, that dramatically improves quality of life. The IRC also helps women to start businesses so they are able to buy firewood and avoid the risk of sexual violence that comes with gathering it in the surrounding bush.

For the past 20 years, ongoing violence has resulted in millions of people leaving Somalia.