The IRC worked in Croatia for more than a decade from 1992, providing aid and restoring over 9,000 homes. After the war, the IRC set up projects to improve community relationships and promote reconciliation, as well providing legal support to 6,000 people returning home.

In 1992 the European Union created the European Community Humanitarian Office (ECHO). The decision followed unprecedented crises and disasters the previous year, including conflict in former Yugoslavia, which left hundreds of thousands of people displaced, hungry and traumatised. ECHO provided 300,000 tons of food, as well as blankets, mattresses, toiletries and other aid to those most in need, including Croats. Aid to more isolated areas was delivered via airdrops.

Between 1991 and 1995, more than one million people were displaced by war, from, within and into Croatia.