The last camp, which hosted nearly 37,000 people, closed at the end of 2012 resulting in a flow of up to 1,500 people a day returning to Burundi. With funding from the European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO), the IRC helps returning refugees reintegrate by providing legal advice on land rights as well as supporting people to register births and marriages in order to obtain the necessary documents to access health care and education.

Over the past few decades, hundreds of thousands of Burundians fled their homes due to political and ethnic conflict, with many settling in refugee camps in Tanzania.

As the situation improved in Burundi these camps have closed down, with refugees either returning home or settling in Tanzania.